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Independence Energy Connection

Access Roads


Transource® is committed to providing its customers with a reliable electric service supported by a resilient transmission grid. During construction and maintenance of transmission lines and substations, the utility may need to build new or upgrade existing access roads.

Description

  • Access roads surfaces may be soil or stone and range from 12-20 feet in width.
  • Actual width of an access road construction area can be up to 40 feet.
  • Width of road can increase to accommodate turns or switchback areas.

Location

  • In most cases, company representatives are able to work with impacted landowners to determine the most practical access road locations.
  • In addition, representatives discuss any associated mitigation with impacted landowners.

Building the Access Road

  • Heavy equipment is used to clear and grade the access road.
  • Erosion and sediment controls are used to prevent storm water runoff and lessen environmental impacts per federal, state and local guidelines.

Completed Access Road

  • Once the project is complete, company representatives will continue to work with landowners to determine final road standards.
  • Access roads will remain in place to facilitate future maintenance of company facilities.

Right-Of-Way Acquisition


Transource works with affected property owners

The company works with landowners at each step in the process. Transource attempts to balance landowner concerns and preferences with the need for electric infrastructure when locating rights-of-way.

The company discusses with property owners easement rights and project specifics, including:

  • The length and width of the right-of-way
  • The number and placement of structures
  • The height and design of the structures
  • Voltage of the power line
  • Clearing and construction practices
  • Right-of-way access
  • Project schedule
  • Post-construction maintenance
  • Vegetation maintenance practices

Transource also pays for crop damage and/or physical damage to property resulting from the construction and/or maintenance of the transmission line.


What does it mean if there’s an easement on my property?

Any item or activity that could interfere with the safe, reliable operation of transmission facilities is called an encroachment and is prohibited under the terms of a right-of-way acquisition. Transource will defend the easements it purchased to ensure reliable operation of its transmission system.

Transource can refrain from establishing new service at a property where there is an encroachment or where prohibited activities are occurring. Transource may also require an owner to remove an encroachment at the owner’s expense.

Examples of prohibited easement encroachments include:

  • Buildings, homes, porches, additions and decks
  • Barns, sheds, garages
  • Swimming pools located above and below ground
  • Retention ponds
  • Fuel storage facilities, above ground or below grade
  • Billboards
  • Fences that deny Transource access to the easement corridor
  • Uses of easement area for fill dirt or other refuse
  • Lights, flag poles and antennas
  • Swing sets, slides and climbing equipment
  • Trees beyond what height?

Examples of prohibited activities in an easement include:

  • Excavating near utility poles, towers and other facilities
  • Changing the ground elevation
  • Operating machinery in a manner that has the potential to contact or damage Transource facilities
  • Burning wood or refuse within the right-of-way

What is allowed in the right-of-way easement?

Landowners may utilize property in an easement for a variety of uses including;

  • Yards and gardens
  • Farming
  • Other uses that do not interfere with the safe operation of electric facilities

Transource makes every effort to avoid exercising its right of eminent domain

Transource acquires necessary easements through negotiations and by working with landowners, as long as is practical, to reach a voluntary agreement. It is only when a voluntary agreement cannot be reached, and other viable alternatives do not exist, that the final option of exercising the right of eminent domain is pursued. Eminent domain is outlined in the U.S. Constitution and state law. When a property is taken through eminent domain, the land is condemned and the property owner receives just compensation.

Transource’s use of eminent domain authority is the exception rather than the rule. Ninety-eight percent of easement negotiations are successful. Transource recently has acquired more than 3,500 easements -- totaling 906 miles of transmission line -- on projects approved by siting authorities in several states. Of those parcels, only 61 (or 1.71 percent) required the use of eminent domain. In some of those cases, acquisition by eminent domain was necessary simply because the land was without clear title, so condemnation was required.

Transmission Siting


What is transmission siting and why is it important?

Unlike any other product, electricity must be delivered the instant it is being used. The electricity that lights a light bulb is instantly being generated at a power plant, or a wind or solar farm many miles away.

To maintain reliable electrical service, all components of Transource’s system — generation, transmission and distribution—must be in balance and working together. The failure of one element, without adequate backup, can affect the entire system.

The first step to achieving maximum reliability is through effective transmission siting, routing and the strategic placement of high voltage transmission lines and substations. Having sufficient transmission capabilities is of utmost importance, as undersized or overloaded components between the power plant and the distribution system can pose a threat to reliable service across a wide area or an entire community.


Identifying Environmental and Social Factors

Siting transmission facilities is a complex, technical process that involves balancing disturbance to human, cultural and natural resources with a community’s need for reliable electricity.

To start the siting process, Transource siting specialists define a study area and conduct a due diligence review to determine constraints. Preliminary study segments are developed based on all publically available data, seeking to limit impacts by identifying the most direct path that attempts to avoid known constraints with special emphasis on avoiding homes.

Each project goes through a feasibility test. In addition to considering environmental disturbance and impacts on people, including landowner requests, the cost-effectiveness, practicality and efficiency of the project are also inputs into the review.

Throughout the process, attempts are made to limit the overall impact of the line on its surroundings while maintaining a technically buildable design.

Transource’s guiding principle in siting transmission facilities is to avoid or minimize impacts to people and the environment to the greatest extent possible.


Common Permitting and Survey Requirements

Transource works with regulatory agencies to obtain all the required federal, state and local environmental permits and approvals. Requirements can vary based on geographic location, environmental or cultural resources, and construction.


* The accompanying map depicts the project area. It should be noted that the map contained on this site is for information purposes only. Transource reserves the right to alter, change, or amend the map at any time without notice and Transource provides no warranty about the accuracy of content. Keep this in mind when reviewing this map. However, Transource will make all attempts to keep this map as accurate as possible. If you have any questions about the accuracy of the current map please Contact Us.